Legal and Illegal Methods of Reducing Tax

  Tax Planning Tax Avoidance Tax Evasion
Taxpayer Goal To favourably reduce taxes payable within the object and spirit of the law. Deliberate planning of events and transactions to circumvent the law and avoid paying taxes. To avoid taxes by failing to disclose complete and accurate information.
Legality Legal Not illegal. Transactions can be ignored. Illegal. Criminal offence. Civil wrongdoing.
Penalty None. Arrears and interest plus taxes owing and possible penalties owing. Fine, possible imprisonment, arrears and interest plus taxes.
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